Friday, 5 June 2020

It's a Man's Life at the Art of Diving!

Long-time Art of Diving follower and contributor Chris very kindly sent me some scans from a 1960 edition of Man's Life featuring some lovely artwork by Earl Norem (for more on Earl click the tag at the bottom). The subject matter is archetypal men's magazine material from the period and Earl was one of many great illustrators producing wonderful work month after month.  (Click for larger images).

Saturday, 30 May 2020

The Knockout Art of Diving - Sinbad Simms

From April 1957 until May 1960, Knockout featured the adventures of Sinbad Simms, Shark Boy of the Seven Seas. Sinbad had rescued a baby shark which he named Jasper and who became his loyal companion. The original artist on the strip was Eric Roberts. In July 1958 he moved on to the Billy Bunter strip but a ten-page story featuring his art also appeared in the 1959 Knockout Annual, published in the autumn of 1958. The cover is by Art of Diving favourite Mike Western.

In 1964 Fleetway launched a new comic called The Big One. They were already publishing the tabloid-sized Buster so they went one better and The Big One was broadsheet-sized. Many of the strips were reprints and Sinbad Simms was one of them (Roberts' Mike, also from Knockout, here renamed Smiler, was another). The comic only lasted for 19 weeks before being merged with Buster and the reprints of Sinbad continued there (as Sinbad Simms and his Shark Pal, Jasper). The final issue of The Big one had an edited version of the strip from the Knockout Annual and I thought I'd share that here as well so you can see how 10 pages were edited down to a single page, albeit an oversized one.

Eric Roberts was born in South London in 1910. He studied at St. Martin's School of Art and began working for D.C. Thomson in 1937, drawing strips in The Dandy and The Beano. He joined the RAF in 1942 and his artistic talents were put to good use. During the late 40's and throughout the 1950's he worked for both the AP (Knockout, Film Fun) and Thomson's (The Dandy). In 1960 he began drawing Dirty Dick for The Dandy, followed by Winker Watson in 1961. From this point on he worked exclusively for Thomson's and produced 775 episodes of Winker Watson between 1961 and 1979. His last published work was in the Dandy Book 1981. Sadly lung cancer forced his retirement and he died in 1982.

Eric's daughter Erica wrote a lovely piece about her father for Peter Gray's blog. If you click on the label at the bottom of the piece you'll find further entries that Peter has written about Eric.

On his Blimey! blog, Lew Stringer featured some original Eric Roberts Billy Bunter artwork that has a diving angle. If I ever track down a copy of the published strip I'll feature it on the Art of Diving but in the meantime you can get a taste here.

Monday, 25 May 2020

The Familiar Art of Diving - Weddell Seals of Antarctica

Just a quick one today. Last September I featured an article from Popular Mechanics about scientists diving beneath the ice in Antarctica to record the sounds made by Weddell Seals. Well it turns out that Look and Learn also did a piece an the same subject not long afterwards, although their article has a slightly broader theme. (Click for larger image).

Thursday, 21 May 2020

The Knockout Art of Diving - Kelly's Eye

Six years ago today I launched this current iteration of The Art of Diving and I thought why not mark the occasion with the work of the man whose Valiant cover inspired me to start the blog - Mike Western. This strip is from the final issue of the long-running Knockout, published in February 1963, and appropriately it features a shark encounter.

Knockout was published by the Amalgamated Press/Fleetway from 1939 - 1963, running for 1,251 issues. It absorbed the story paper The Magnet and Comic Cuts along the way. Originally called The Knock-Out Comic, at various times the name changed to Knock-Out - the Victory Comic, Billy Bunter's Knockout and just plain Knockout.

In July 1962 Knockout had received the final revamp of its long run and saw the first appearance of Kelly's Eye. The strip told how Tim Kelly came to possess the Eye of Zoltec, a magical crystal that made him invulnerable. Originally drawn by Francisco Solano Lopez, Tom Kerr took over during the first story and continued with the second. For some reason this final instalment was drawn by Mike Western who had recently  been drawing a western (!) strip for Knockout in addition to his work in Buster. A possible reason might have been to allow Kerr to get a head start on the new three-page strip he would be drawing in the combined Valiant and Knockout. Western's McTavish of Red Rock would later be reprinted in Valiant (as The Laird of Lazy Q), as would several of his Buster strips. Kelly's Eye continued until 1974, once again drawn by Solano Lopez, and was my favourite strip when I read Valiant as a kid.

In future stories Tim Kelly was able to function underwater without diving gear, surviving quite happily thanks to the powers of the Eye of Zoltec. Presumably Trader Olsen hadn't realised this after stealing the stone from Tim. (Click for larger images).

Monday, 18 May 2020

Look and Learn with the Art of Diving - The Wealth Beneath the Sea.

Ley Kenyon is a familiar name to long time Art of Diving followers and in 1964 he wrote and illustrated a seven-page feature in Look and Learn, featuring this impressive centre spread. The diver at top right wouldn't look out of place in the second Professor Jack Ransom strip that Kenyon wrote and drew for Rocket in the late 50s. (Click for a larger image).

You can see the entire feature here.

Wednesday, 13 May 2020

Three of a Kind - The Frogmen

First published in 1951 The Frogmen is still in print and available as an e-book (the most recent edition (2014) is called Naval Frogmen). Here are just three of the many covers that have graced the book over the years. (Click for larger images).

This Pan paperback edition was first published in 1954 and appears to be signed by John Berry.

This Norwegian edition is from 1957.

The first US paperback edition was published in 1959 at a cost of 35c so judging by the cover price I'd say this edition is from the 1960's.

Saturday, 9 May 2020

When in Doubt - Sharks!

I couldn't decide on a subject for this post so I just gathered some random shark illustrations!

Ranger was a short-lived boys' magazine that featured a mix of comic strips, text stories and educational features. It was the original home of the popular science-fiction strip The Rise and Fall of the Trigan Empire. Ranger ran for 40 issues before merging with Look and Learn. This early cover is by James E. McConnell.

This is the first issue of Gold Key's Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea comic based on Irwin Allen's TV series. The cover might be by prolific Gold Key artist George Wilson but I'm not 100% sure about that.

This Men in Action dates from 1955. I'm still trying to work out which of those titles the cover illustration applies to!

This Man's Conquest is also from 1955. I think that fella's going to need a bigger knife!

I don't know who painted this Frogmen cover but I like the light effect on the shark.

Now, I know this next cover doesn't feature a shark - although I think the lady with the spear-gun looks meaner than any of the sharks on the other covers here! - but bear with me.

Twist of the Knife was the US title of Victor canning's His Bones Are Coral. The cover above is by Charles Copeland. The book was given yet another title when it was re-issued in the UK in  1968.

In 1967 it was turned into a film starring Burt Reynolds, which appeared in cinemas in 1969. Originally to be called Twist of the Knife, director Samuel Fuller rewrote the script and changed the title to Caine after Reynolds' character. The film caused controversy when one of the stuntmen, Jose Marco, was attacked and killed by a shark. A photo spread appeared in Life magazine and the producers changed the title to Shark to cash in on the publicity. They also re-edited the film without Fuller's involvement and refused his demand that they remove his name.

The film was re-released in 1975 as Man-Eater following the success of Jaws. Sadly the advertising once again concentrated on Jose Marco's death.

Monday, 27 April 2020

The Art of Diving with Dolphins - Double Dolphins!

I was astonished to see that it's been almost four years since I last featured Lucky Dicky Dolphin and his family. Where does the time go?! Anyway, here's a double helping featuring lovely colour artwork from Ron Smith. They come from The Topper Book for 1963 and 1966 respectively. Smith had previously drawn them in the 1962 book.

I can't say I approve of Dicky's method for re-floating the Otter but as a lover of bad puns I enjoyed Sue's effort in the last panel!

Friday, 24 April 2020

Look and Learn with the Art of Diving - How Man Breathes Under the Sea

Despite only taking up a single page inside issue 94 of Look and Learn (November 1963), the editor decided this look at how an aqualung works also warranted a cover illustration and I for one am glad that he did! (Click for larger images)

I was interested to see the manifold depicted here with a yoke/A-clamp on each cylinder valve as I've never seen one like that before, although I have seen pictures of that style of valve with the knob on the top. Here's a modern manifold as a comparison:

I'm not sure who provided the interior art but the cover was by Barrie Linklater (1931-2017). Born in Birmingham, he attended Woolwich Polytechnic School of Art and began his career with a London studio. I think this must have been the period when he produced work for Look and Learn. Following a four-year spell in Australia working as a freelancer he returned to London where he worked as a portrait artist.

In 1975 he was commissioned by the Welsh Guards to paint a portrait of HRH the Duke of Edinburgh. Prince Philip himself suggested that Linklater include his ceremonial horse in the portrait and then commissioned him to produce a painting of the Queen's favourite mares and foals as a gift for her Silver Jubilee. This commission immediately lifted him into the top tier of equestrian artists and 13 of his paintings are in the Royal Collection. His website is currently still active if you'd like to see more of his work.

Monday, 20 April 2020

The Pocket-sized Art of Diving

Pocket Detective Library was published by Top Sellers beginning in 1971 and running for 67 issues.

Issue 10 was Island of Terror which was also reprinted as issue 67. By the time that last issue was published the price had doubled to a whopping 12p!

No disrespect to those involved but the art could probably best be described as functional. Here's how the cover scene played out in the story.

Issue 55 was called French Chance and not Frencx Cxance as the font suggests!

I'm really not sure about the diver's entry technique depicted here. There's a reason the backward roll is usually used for entering the water from a rubber dinghy.

Sunday, 19 April 2020

The Familiar Art of Diving - It's That Girl Again

Michael Hawk was an investigative reporter with access to a criminal fortune who appeared in appeared in 14 books published during 1980-81. I can only assume author Dan Streib didn't need to eat or sleep! The final book in the series was called The Treasure Divers but didn't feature any diving action on the cover. Book three, The Power Barons, did however. Thanks to Chris for the cover scan. (Click for larger image).

Long time Art of Diving followers might find the girl on the cover looks familiar.

Tuesday, 7 April 2020

The Art of Invention

Clyde Crashcup was a character in the 1961-2 animated series The Alvin Show. The cartoons were originally made in black and white but were colourized in 1965. Each week Clyde would "invent" something that had already been invented! He would sketch a design in the air which would then become real. His assistant Leonardo never spoke but only whispered in Clyde's ear. In 1963-4 he appeared in five issues of his own comic published by Dell.

Clyde Crashcup invents Deep Sea Diving appeared in issue three and was written by John Stanley with art by Irving Tripp. (Click for larger images)

Irving Tripp (1921-2009) was born in Poughkeepsie, New York. In 1941 he joined the Dell Publishing Co. but his career was almost immediately interrupted when he joined the US Army, serving in the Philipinnes. In 1946 he re-joined Dell where he remained as a staff artist until his retirement in 1982. He is probably best known for his work with John Stanley on Little Lulu in Dell's Marge's Little Lulu.

Saturday, 4 April 2020

The Commercial Art of Diving - Four from the Fifties

Just a quick one today featuring four ads from the 1950s.Unfortunately I don't have any information about the artists involved.





Thursday, 19 March 2020

Michel en Plongée

Teenage detectives have been a staple of children's fiction for decades. One example from France is Michel Thérais who featured in 39 books published between 1958 and 1985 as part of Hachette's Bibliothèque Verte (Green Library). They told of fifteen-year-old Michel who lived in Corbie, a village in Picardy near Amiens. His parents were Lucien, a well-known scientist and chemist, and Claire. His eleven-year-old brother and sister, twins Yves and Marie-France, would often cause him problems. Michel's companions were his cousin Daniel, sixteen-year-old Arthur, a former classmate now working as a mechanic, and swimming champion Martine.

Michel en Plongée was the 14th book in the series and first published in 1964. The cover and other illustrations were by Philippe Daure whose work appeared in all but one of the books.

The back cover text read as follows:

Etrange, l'idée de Michel!
Pourquoi passer des vacances dans un hameau à moitié englouti sous les eaux?
Dès le premier soir, la ferme de l'oncle Anthonime reçoit des visiteurs bien inattendus! La mystérieuse accusation qui pèse sur l'oncle de Michel met en jeu l'honneur de toute la famille.
La vérité, dit-on, est au fond du puits. C'est peut-être au fond du lac que Michel devra la chercher, au prix de quelles aventures et de quelles difficultés!

and in English coutresy of Bing Translator:

Strange, Michel's idea!
Why spend a holiday in a hamlet half-engulfed under the water?
From the first evening, Uncle Anthonime's farm welcomes unexpected visitors! The mysterious accusation against Michel's uncle involves the honour of the whole family.
The truth, they say, is at the bottom of the well. It is perhaps at the bottom of the lake that Michel will have to look for it, at the cost of what adventures and what difficulties!

On his website, artist Philippe Daure notes that this was the first time the artwork filled the whole cover. On previous books he'd always left some white space for the text.

In 1973 the book was reissued with new cover art by Daure:

In the 1980s he reworked elements from the front and back covers of the 1973 edition to produce a new piece of artwork:

It's interesting to note that he updated Michel's mask but left him with the old Cousteau three-tank system.

The final book of the series, Michel Fait Surface also featured diving and one of the interior illustrations shows some more modern scuba equipment.

Author Georges Bayard (1918-2004) studied to be a teacher, graduating in Amiens in 1937. The war saw him joining the army as a reserve officer before serving in the resistance. His activities earned him the War Cross and the Medal of Resistance. He rejoined the army in 1944 where he remained until 1952, earning his English interpreters certificate.

In addition to teaching, he became involved in publishing, first by translating English works for French readers before embarking on his own writing career. In addition to the Michel books, his other work included two more series for Hachette, Cécile (also for the Green Library) and César (for the Pink Library). This excellent site describes Cécile and César as a female Michel and Michel with short pants respectively. Three of the César books feature artwork by Philippe Daure.

English and American readers might be interested to know that the Green Library also featured the Jennings books (Bennett et Mortimer), The Dana Girls (Les Soeurs Parker) and The Three Investigators (Les Trois Jeunes Détectives).